Aortic valve replacement is the most effective treatment for severe aortic stenosis and aortic regurgitation. Inova Heart and Vascular Institute offers the most advanced aortic valve replacement options available, including:
- A biological, or tissue, valve which is usually created from pig or cow tissue. These can last 15 to 20 years and blood thinning medication is not needed as a result.
- Mechanical valves. They generally last more than 20 years. Patients who receive mechanical valves must take a blood thinning medication for the rest of their lives to prevent blood clots.
- A homograft which is a valve removed from a donated human heart. It is sometimes used for patients with endocarditis, an infection of the heart valves.