Early treatment for the disease may include medication, which will not cure aortic stenosis but can help control symptoms.

A minimally invasive balloon valvuloplasty can be used to stretch the aortic valve opening. In some instances, if the aortic valve isn’t too damaged, it may be able to be repaired.

For severe aortic stenosis, valve replacement is the most effective treatment. Inova Heart and Vascular Institute offers the most advanced aortic valve replacement options available, including both open surgical and minimally invasive techniques:

However, not everyone is a candidate for minimally invasive procedures, in those cases surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) is used.

SAVR options:

  • A biological, or tissue, valve which is usually created from swine or bovine tissue. These can last 15 to 20 years and blood thinning medication is not needed as a result.
  • A stentless tissue valve featuring all the benefits of a stented tissue replacement which offers a wider opening for enhanced blood flow.
  • Mechanical valves made of titanium. They generally last more than 20 years. Patients who receive mechanical valves must take a blood thinning medication for the rest of their lives to prevent blood clots.
  • A homograft which is a valve removed from a donated human heart. It is best for patients with endocarditis, an infection of the heart valves.