Mitral valve repair or replacement
Mitral valve repair is generally the treatment of choice for patients with mitral regurgitation. Your heart valve morphology, diagnostic results, age and medical condition all play an important role in the type of valve surgery your surgeon recommends.
Minimally invasive valve repair has numerous patient benefits, including:
- Small incision, less pain and tissue damage
- Shorter hospital stay
- Faster recovery and return to daily activities
- No change in normal heart architecture
- Better left ventricular function after surgery
- No need for repeat surgery due to prosthetic valve degeneration or infection
- No need to take lifelong blood thinning medications to prevent blood clots
Open Mitral valve replacement
Mitral valve replacement is performed less frequently, usually in cases where the valve cannot be repaired.
Options include biological (tissue valves) and mechanical valves. Biological valves are usually made from pig or cow tissue. They are easy to insert and generally last 15 to 20 years. Patients who receive tissue valves do not need to take a blood thinning medication for the rest of their lives. Mechanical valves are also easy to insert and durable, generally lasting more than 20 years. Patients who receive mechanical valves must take a blood thinning medication for the rest of their lives to prevent blood clots.