Heart valve disease means that one or more of the heart's valves are not working properly – either not opening or closing all the way – which results in blood not moving through the heart's chambers the way it should.

Sometimes the cause of valve disease is unknown. Other times it can be identified as being caused by one of the following conditions:

  • Congenital valve disease: Structural problems developed before birth
  • Acquired valve disease: Problems that develop over time and can involve the structure of a valve. There are a variety of diseases and infections that can cause acquired valve disease; two common ones are rheumatic fever (caused by an untreated bacterial infection) and endocarditis (an infection that causes deterioration or scarring of valves).
  • Mitral valve prolapse, mitral stenosis or mitral regurgitation: Read more about mitral valve disease arrows

Your Inova cardiac surgeon is your best resource to determine which valve treatment is best suited to your individual situation.